Educational centers are one of the vulnerable locations in the case of disaster, thus generating an action plan to decrease losses should be considered as an important goal. Various worldwide initiatives have been taken to make school buildings safer and have disaster risk reduction taught in school. Iran is also one of the most seismically active countries in the world and therefore earthquake which is known as a destructive disaster occurs frequently in this country. In this way children are disproportionately affected by disaster, hence, mitigation and resilience seem to be vital. It is urgent to plan, anticipate and reduce the losses of disaster in order to protect the children's lives.
The Organization for Development, Renovation and Equipping of Schools (DRES) of I.R. Iran as one of the subset organizations of the Ministry of Education that is the highest and the only governmental reference for Development, Renovation and Equipping of Iranian Schools was established in 1976. This state organization consists of a central office and 31 representatives in all provinces of Iran. The main role of central office is macro policy planning, supervising and managing its agencies throughout the country. The mission of this organization is to construct, develop, renovate, reconstruct and retrofit the school buildings and also to provide them with facilities and equipment all-over the country .
After the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (14- 18 March 2015, Sendai, Japan) and formation of safe school idea, DRES decided to generate standards and regulations to achieve safe school in IR.Iran. According to the Global School Safety Framework, DRES also decided to leadaction in disaster prevention and preparedness to resilience and recovery of schools after earthquake occurrence. As a result, allocating the governmental budget and cooperating with the following national and regional centers have been planned.
· Technical experts
· Engineering societies
· University professors
· Research institutes
· Elite local universities
· International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology
For more information, please visit the website of DRES at:
Organizational Chart of DRES